Timeline: Congo & Great Zimbabwe

10_1a2nd century AD – beginning of Iron Age

10th century – Late Iron Age, cattle-keeping community established at Leopard’s Kopje, near modern Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

11th century – Late Iron Age

1200 – Beginning of Great Zimbabwe state

1400 – Most of Great Zimbabwe stone buildings completed. Capital of BaKongo kingdom fixed at Mbanza Kongo

1482 – Portuguese adventurer, Diogo Cao, arrives at the mouth of the River Kongo.
First European contract with BaKongo

1491 – Manikongo (king) of Kongo, Nzinga a Nkuwu, is christened Joao II

1500 – Great Zimbabwe finally abandoned

1506 – Affonso I (formerly Nzinga Mbemba) becomes Manikongo (king) of Kongo

15th century – Great Zimbabwe decline. Movement of people North East to found Mutapa state and towards the south to establish Torwa state

1512 – Portuguese design coat of arms for Manikongo

1593 – Portuguese build Fort Jesus in Mombasa

1631 – Sultan Muhammad Yusif bin Hassan massacres Portuguese garrison in Fort Jesus

1639 – Queen Nzinga of Ndongo, in modern Angola, begins military campaign against Portuguese

1665 – Kongo defeated by Portuguese at battle of Mbwila

1689 – Fort Jesus falls to Omani Arabs

1704 – Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita claims to be possessed by St. Anthony. She founds a church and launches a mission to revive Kongo’s former glory

1706 – Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita burnt at stake for heresy

1850 – Ovimbundu traders, in the middle of modern Angola, reach Lamba of Northern Rhodesia

1856 – Msiri, Nyamwezi trading king, establishes his seat of power in Katanga, in the southern part of modern DR Congo

1873 – Zanzibar slave market closed down

From:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/10chapter1.shtml

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